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Drinking alcohol, eating processed meat and being overweight have been “strongly” linked to stomach cancer for the first time according to a new study from the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF).
In the new report, WCRF scientists said there was “strong evidence” that drinking around three or more alcoholic drinks per day increased the risk of stomach cancer, along with being overweight or obese.
The research also pointed to “strong evidence” that consuming processed meat increased the risk.
Processed meat is already linked to bowel cancer, while being overweight or obese is linked to 10 different cancers.
The scientists also reported that there was “some evidence that suggests consuming grilled or barbecued meat and fish increases the risk of stomach cancer”, while consuming “little or no fruit” may increase the risk.
There was also some evidence that eating citrus fruit could decrease the risk.
In the UK, the lifetime risk of stomach cancer stands at one in 67 for men and one in 135 for women. The majority of people are also diagnosed when the cancer has started to spread around the body.
Just over 7,000 people are diagnosed with stomach cancer every year in the UK and it leads to around 5,000 deaths.