Turkish military officers announced on Friday night that they had taken control of the country. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his government refused to stand down, denouncing an attempted coup—though Erdogan was nowhere to be seen initially, and rumors flew that he was fleeing the country for asylum abroad. What followed was an volatile power struggle and a surreal night of violence in the streets of some of Turkey’s major cities, as some Turkish military forces seemed to fire on their fellow citizens.
Around 10 pm local time, reports emerged that military forces had blocked two bridges spanning the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul, the body of water that runs through the city and divides Asia and Europe. Around 10:30 a faction military officers announced they had taken power. Yet soon after, President Erdogan appeared on television—albeit via a video chat on a TV anchor’s phone—and urged the public to take to the streets to resist the coup attempt. “I am also on my way,” he said.
He boarded a flight for Istanbul. The contradictory statements from the president and the plotters opened a moment of genuine foreboding and uncertainty. For those in Istanbul—including myself—it was impossible to tell who was actually in control of Turkey, a NATO member and a military power. And it was impossible to know what would come next.
In Istanbul, Erdogan’s supporters heeded their president’s call, and began to filter toward Taksim Square, the main gathering place in the city. Hundreds collected in the plaza surrounding a large statue, while wary riot police stood by off to one side, a riot dispersal truck on standby.
The demonstrators cried in support of the government, interspersed with the call and response of “Takbir—Allahu Akbar,” or God is the Greatest, God is Great, the widely used chant a reflection of the Islamist political sympathies among some of the government’s base of support, sympathies that haven’t always been shared by the more avowedly secular military.
After midnight, standing on the statue illuminated by streetlights, some protesters unfurled a banner reading “The demon is in Pennsylvania.” The slogan referred to Fethullah Gülen, an influential Turkish religious figure who is based in the U.S. and who was accused by Erdogan and his allies of plotting the coup attempt. (In a statement, Gullen later denied being part of the coup.) Helicopters thumped overhead. Occasional gunfire nearby sounds disrupted the rally but the demonstrators remained.
Soldiers soon appeared, ringing the statue and opening a standoff with the protesters, who continued to chant in their faces. The soldiers formed a partial ring around the statue, facing out toward the demonstrators. Some protesters shouted in the troops’ faces, while others held back, wary of the possibility of violence.
In spite of the tension, the crowds began to drift away as government officials continued to announce their defiance of the power grab. Turkey’s three main opposition parties—leftist, centrist, and far right, all opposed to Erdogan—made clear their opposition to the coup. Some of Erdogan’s most bitter opponents backed him when pushed came to shove, and it appeared the integrity of democratic transition was threatened, as it has been multiple times by the military since modern Turkey’s founding nearly a decade ago.
Then, for no clear reason, the soldiers began marching away, sending up a cheer from the now diminished crowd. Groups of young men began to jostle with police on the edge of the square.
Without warning, the sounds of explosions erupted. The coup plotters had spoken, responding to Erdogan’s defiance with deafening booms.
The first one was close it was accompanied by a palpable shift in the air pressure, a military jet screaming in from the direction of nearby Gezi Park. Sprinting for shelter, demonstrators knocked over a police barricade which fell clanging to the ground. That was followed by a second and a third boom as more jets screeched overhead, the sound so powerful it shattered the windows of buildings near the square. Shards of glass fell onto Istiklal Street, a huge canyon of a boulevard that runs southwest of Taksim Square. More gunfire rang from the other end of the street. Demonstrators and passersby ran down alleyways and around corners. Others fell to the ground or ducked for cover.
Separately, in the capital of Ankara, 280 miles (450 km) away, even more violent mayhem was unfolding. At least one explosion shook the parliament building, the chaos captured on video. At least 42 people were killed throughout the capital, the local authorities said, in various attacks, although few details were released.
Despite the violence, it seemed that the government was successfully battling back the coup, which failed to spread throughout the entire military. Soon after his flight landed at Istanbul’s main airport, Erdogan emerged to once again to denounce the coup, with an ominous warning for those who were left. “This uprising is a gift from god because thank to this we will clear the military of traitors,” he said in a televised address.
Yet while the government insisted it had control of the country, the battle for public perception continued. Soldiers filed into the studio of CNNTurk as the channel broadcast live on air, briefly taking control of the channel, even as a camera continued to show an empty studio. Coup plotters seemed to have control over a portion of the air force, as F-16s screamed through the sky
As the sun rose over a dazed Istanbul, the sounds of gunfire continue. A new day is beginning—and the uncertainty facing Turkey is only deepening.